Overview:

Students in Year 10 have 3 Computer Science lessons each week.

Year 10 Computer Science students have one piece of homework set every week.
This homework is usually set on Epraise.

Curriculum:

In Autumn we study:
Cybersecurity
Programming
The Cost Of Cybercrime And Hacker Motivation
Non-Automated Cybercrime
Automated Cybercrime
Protecting Systems With Software
Network Design As Defence
Where Is The Danger?
  • Describe The Impact Of Cybercrime On Businesses And Individuals
  • Analyse An Attack On A Company And Identify What Motivated The Hackers
  • Define The Terms Cybersecurity And Network Security, Explain Their Importance, And Distinguish Between The Two Concepts
  • Describe The Features Of A Network That Make It Vulnerable To Attack
  • Identify And Describe Non-automated Forms Of Cyberattacks, And Learn How Humans Can Be The Weak Links In An Organisation
  • Demonstrate Knowledge Of Social Engineering Through Role Playing Activities And Case Studies
  • Describe Automated Forms Of Cyberattacks
  • Analyse A Real Cyberattack And Identify The Network Or Software Weaknesses That Enabled It To Happen
  • Identify How Software Can Be Used To Protect From Cyberattacks
  • Describe How Organisations Use Software To Protect Against Cyberattacks
  • Explain The Need For, And The Importance Of, Network Security
  • Explain A Number Of Methods Of Achieving Network Security
  • Describe Different Methods Of Identifying Cybersecurity Vulnerabilities, Such As:
    • Penetration Testing
    • Ethical Hacking
    • Network Forensics
    • Commercial Analysis Tools
  • Review Of Network And User Policies
Randomisation
Arithmetic Expressions
Selection
Selection Challenge
Logical Expressions
Nested Selection
  • Be Able To Locate Information Using The Language Documentation
  • Import Modules Into Your Code
  • Demonstrate How To Generate Random Numbers
  • Evaluate Arithmetic Expressions Using Rules Of Operator Precedence (BIDMAS)
  • Write And Use Expressions That Use Arithmetic Operators (add, subtract, multiply, real division, integer division, MOD, to the power)
  • Assign Expressions To Variables
  • Define A Condition As An Expression That Can Be Evaluated To Either True Or False
  • Identify Flowchart Symbols And Describe How To Use Them (decision)
  • Identify That Selection Uses Conditions To Control The Flow Of Execution
  • Walkthrough Code That Includes Selection (if, elif, else)
  • Use Selection Statements In A Program
  • Identify When Selection Statements Should Be Used In Programs
  • Write And Use Expressions That Use Comparison Operators (equal to, not equal to, less than, greater than, less than or equal to, greater than or equal yo)
  • Describe How Boolean/logical Operators Can Be Used In Expressions
  • Walk Through Code That Use Conditions With Boolean/logical Operators (AND, OR)
  • Write And Use Expressions That Use Boolean/logical Operators (AND, OR)
  • Define Nested Selection
  • Walk Through Code That Uses Nested Selection
  • Modify A Program That Uses Nested Selection
In Spring we study:
Data Representations
Programming
What is Representation?
Binary
Representing Text
Representing Images
Representing Sound
Storing Data
  • Give Examples Of The Use Of Representation
  • Explain That Computers Use Binary To Represent All Data And Instructions
  • Explain How Binary Relates To Two-state Electrical Signals
  • Explain The Difference Between Base-2 And Base-10 Numbers
  • Convert Between Binary And Decimal Numbers
  • Count In Binary
  • Perform Addition In Binary On Two Binary Numbers
  • Perform Addition In Binary On Three Binary Numbers
  • Perform Subtraction In Binary
  • Perform Binary Shifts
  • Describe Situations Where Binary Shifts Can Be Used
  • Explain How Overflow Errors Can Occur
  • Explain How Underflow Occurs
  • Compare Signed And Unsigned Integers
  • Use Sign And Magnitude To Represent Positive And Negative Integers
  • Use Two’s Complement To Represent Positive And Negative Integers
  • Explain Why And Where Hexadecimal Notation Is Used
  • Explain How Numbers Are Represented Using Hexadecimal
  • Convert Decimal Numbers To And From Hexadecimal Numbers
  • Determine The Maximum Number Of States That Can Be Represented By A Binary Pattern Of A Given Length
  • Explain How ASCII Is Used To Represent Characters, And Its Limitations
  • Explain What A Character Set Is
  • Describe How Character Codes Are Commonly Grouped And Run In Sequence Within Encoding Tables
  • Explain The Need For Unicode
  • State That Unicode Uses The Same Codes As ASCII Up To 127
  • Calculate The Number Of Bytes Needed To Store A Piece Of Text
  • Describe What A Pixel Is And How Pixels Relate To Bitmap Images
  • Describe Colour Depth And Resolution
  • Define ‘metadata’
  • Give Examples Of Metadata Applied To A Bitmap Image
  • Calculate The File Size Of Bitmaps
  • Describe How The Number Of Pixels And Colour Depth Can Affect The File Size Of A Bitmap Image, Using Examples
  • Explain Why Analogue Sound Data Needs To Be Converted Into Binary Digits
  • Describe The Concepts Of Sampling, Sample Rate, And Sample Resolution
  • Calculate File Size Requirements Of Sound Files
  • Describe The Effect Of Sample Rate, Duration, And Sample Resolution On The Playback Quality And The Size Of A Sound File
  • Give Examples Of Metadata Applied To Sound Files
  • Define The Terms ‘bit’, ‘nibble’, ‘kilobyte’, ‘megabyte’, ‘gigabyte’, ‘terabyte’, And ‘petabyte’
  • Compare ‘kibibyte’, ‘mebibyte’, ‘gibibyte’, And ‘tebibyte’ To ‘megabyte’, ‘gigabyte’, And ‘terabyte’
  • Convert Between Units Of Measurement
  • Explain What Data Compression Is
  • Explain Why Data May Be Compressed, And That There Are Different Ways To Compress Data
  • Define ‘lossy Compression’ And ‘lossless Compression’
  • Explain How Data Can Be Compressed Using Run Length Encoding (RLE)
  • Represent Data In RLE Frequency/data Pairs
  • Calculate Compression Ratios
  • Explain How Data Can Be Compressed Using Huffman Coding
  • Interpret A Huffman Tree
  • Calculate The Number Of Bits Required To Store A Piece Of Data Compressed Using Huffman Coding
Subroutines
Functions
Scope
XOR
Structured Programming
Create A Program
  • Describe A Subroutine
  • Describe The Purpose Of Parameters In Subroutines
  • Use Procedures That Accept Arguments Through Parameters
  • Describe How Subroutines Are Used For Decomposition
  • List The Advantages Of Subroutines
  • Explain The Difference Between A Function And A Procedure
  • Use Trace Tables To Investigate Functions
  • Use Functions To Return Values In Programs
  • Describe Scope Of Variables
  • Describe How Parameters Can Reduce The Need For Global Variables
  • Identify When To Use Global Variables
  • Describe A Constant
  • Use A Truth Table
  • Describe The Function Of An XOR Operator
  • Design And Create A Function For An XOR Operator
  • Describe The Structured Approach To Programming
  • Explain The Advantages Of The Structured Approach
  • Use The Structured Approach In Programming
  • Describe Iterative Testing
  • Describe The Types Of Testing (Erroneous, Boundary, Normal)
  • Design And Create A Program
In Summer we study:
Impact Of Technology
Networks
Programming
How Does Technology Impact Us?
The Law, Data Protection, And Copyright
Cultural Impacts
Privacy And Surveillance
Environmental Impact
Ethical Impact
  • Apply The Terms ‘Privacy’, ‘Legal’, ‘Ethical’, ‘Environmental’, And ‘Cultural’
  • Explain Data Legislation, Including An Organisation’s Obligation To Protect And Supply Data
  • Explain The Term ‘stakeholder’
  • Explain The Right To Be Forgotten
  • Distinguish The Differences Between Legitimate Creative Uses And Clear Infringement Of Material Subject To Copyright
  • Explain The Freedom Of Information Act
  • Define ‘Computer Misuse’ And The Associated Offences
  • Identify Situations That Would Be Classified As An Offence Under The Act
  • Define ‘Downtime’ And Explain The Associated Impact On An Organisation
  • Explain What Is Meant By The ‘Digital Divide’ And Measures To Mitigate Its Effect
  • Identify Positive And Negative Aspects Of The Use Of Mobile Technology
  • Identify The Implications Of Having Personal Data Online
  • Explain The Social And Environmental Impacts Of Social Media
  • Explain The Positive And Negative Effects Of Online Content
  • Explain The Environmental Effects Of The Use Of Technology
  • Explain The Ethical Issues Surrounding The Use Of AI In Society
  • Explain The Ethical Impact Of Using Algorithms To Make Decisions
What Are Networks?
Different Networks
Networks And Servers
Network Protocols
The IP Suite And Packet Switching
Network Speed And Performance
  • Define What Networks Are
  • Describe The Hardware Components Required To Build Networks Of Devices
  • Analyse The Benefits And Problems Associated With Networks
  • Explain How Devices Can Be Connected To A Network Either Through A Wired Or Wireless Connection
  • Define MAC Addresses And Their Use In Networks
  • Analyse Specific Examples Including Ethernet And Wi-Fi
  • Explain The Importance Of Connectivity In Modern Computing Systems
  • List And Describe The Different Types Of Networks Depending On Node Distribution, Including Personal, Local, And Wide Area Networks
  • List, Describe, And Compare The Different Types Of Networks Depending On Topology, Such As Ring, Star, And Bus
  • Define And Describe The Internet
  • Define The Www And Describe Its Main Components
  • List, Describe, And Compare The Different Types Of Communication Models Encountered In Networks, Such As Server–client And Peer-to-peer
  • Define And Explain The Concept Of A Networking Protocol
  • List And Explain Standard Internet Protocols In The Application Layer, Such As HTTP, HTTPS, FTP, DNS, SMTP, POP, And IMAP
  • Explain And Describe The Advantages And Disadvantages Of Circuit Switching And Packet Switching
  • List And Explain The Four Different Layers Associated With The Internet Protocol: Link, Network/internet, Transport, And Application
  • Explain The Internet Protocol In The Internet Layer
  • List And Explain Standard Internet Protocols In The Transport Layer, Such As TCP And UDP
  • Describe How Network Data Speeds Are Measured, And The Factors Affecting Network Performance
  • Define What Virtual Networks Are, And How They Are Used To Maintain Network Performance
  • Explain Why Networks Are A Target For Criminals, And What Some Of The Tools Available To Defend Against Attacks Are
Records And Dictionaries
Dictionary Challenge
Text Files
CSV Files
Being A Programmer
Battle Boats
  • Describe The Record Data Structure
  • Use A Dictionary To Represent A Record In A Program
  • Use A Dictionary With A List To Represent Records In A Database
  • Describe The Dictionary Data Structure
  • Use A Dictionary To Produce Key-value Pairs
  • Determine The Purpose Of External Data Files
  • Read Data From An External Text File
  • Write To Text Files
  • Append To Text Files
  • Describe A CSV File
  • Read From A CSV File
  • Use The split() Method
  • Select Data From A Collection Of Values
  • Write Data From A 1D List To A CSV File
  • Write Data From A 2D List To A CSV File
  • Append To A CSV File
  • Determine The Good Habits Of A Programmer
  • Explore Alternative Approaches To Programming Solutions
  • Write Success Criteria For A Challenging Project
  • Design The Program For A Challenging Project Using Flowchart Or Pseudocode
  • Create The Solution For The Battle Boats Program
  • Perform Final Testing Of The Solution To A Challenging Problem
  • Evaluate A Challenging Program

Assessments:

Students in Year 10 are assessed through end of unit assessments and an end of year assessment.

Resources:

Students have a variety of resources available to them:

  • Teacher Slides
  • Activity Sheets/Tasks
  • Support Documents
  • Key Terminology Sheets
All of these resources can be found on Microsoft Teams.